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楷书四大家——欧阳询 Four Great Regular Script Masters—Ouyang Xun

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年01月27日 09:23 网络孔子学院

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欧阳询(公元 557-641)初 书法 家。字信本,潭州临湘(今湖南长沙)人,由陈、

入唐,深得李世民的赏识 器重 。历任弘文馆学士、封渤海县男,官至太子率更令,世称“欧阳率更”。


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Ouyang Xun (557–641 AD), with style name Xinben, was a calligrapher of the early Tang Dynasty. He was born in Linxiang, Tanzhou (now Changsha of Hunan Province). He lived through the collapse of the Chen and Sui Dynasties and the establishment of the Tang Dynasty. He was in good graces of Emperor Taizong Li Shimin, and had received the titles of academician at the Hongwen Academy and Baron of Bohai and served as Director of the Court of the Watches in the Household of the Crown Prince ( taizi lvgengling ), and as such, was called “ Ouyang Lvgeng”.

他博通经史,编撰《艺文类聚》100卷。书法初学“二王”(王羲之与王献之),后遍学秦汉篆隶、魏碑,各体俱精,楷法独尊。楷书劲险刻厉、法度森严,于平正中见险绝,世称“欧体”、“率更体”。 代翁方纲《复初斋文集》评:“千门万户,规矩方圆之至者矣,斯所以范围诸家,程序百代也。”流传 下来的书法作品 ,楷书碑有《九成宫醴泉铭》、《化度寺邕禅师塔铭》、《虞恭公温彦博碑》、《皇甫诞碑》、《姚辩墓志铭》、《温彦博碑》等,隶书碑有《房彦谦碑》、《唐宗圣观记》等,行书帖有《张翰思鲈帖》、《梦奠帖》、《卜商帖》、《千字文》等,草书有《千字文》残本。书法理论有《用笔论》、《三十六法》、《八诀》等。
Ouyang Xun was proficient in Chinese classics and ancient history and had compiled a 100-volume book-Yiwen Leiju (literally "Collection of Literature Arranged by Categories"). From the beginning, he studied the calligraphic styles of Wang Xizhi and Wang Xianzhi; he later studied a variety of styles of calligraphy, such as Qin seal characters, Han official script and Wei stone tablets. He became adept in many styles and particularly in the regular script. His regular script was known for its rigorous and grand strokes as well as its unique order and structure, and was called "Ou Style" or “Lvgeng Style” by later generations. Weng Fanggang set a high value on Ouyang’s works in the book Fuchuzhai Wenji (Collection of Fuchu House). Ouyang’s calligraphic works handed down to the present day include: regular script-Stele in the Jiucheng Palace, Stone Tablet for the Hua-Du Monastery, Stone Tablet for Duke Gong of Yu Wen Yanbo, Huangfu Danbei, Epitaph for Yao Bian, Stone Tablet for Wen Yanbo and so on; official script-Stone Tablet for Fang Yanqian, Taizong Shengguan Ji, etc,; running script—Zhang Han Si Lu Tie, Meng Dian Tie, Bu Shang Tie and Qian Zi Wen; cursive hand-aberrant copy of Qian Zi Wen. He also wrote some books on calligraphic theory such as Yong Bi Lun, 36 Methods, Ba Jue.

楷书四大家的书法,有一个共同的特点 ,就是楷书的风格 都是“清秀瘦劲”,其中欧阳询楷书更为突出,贡献 也最大,他的《九成宫》,历来被奉为学习楷书的楷模


The calligraphic works of the Four Great Regular Script Masters shared one thing in common: delicate and vigorous style of writing, among which, Ouyang’s regular-script works were a prominent example with the greatest contribution. Ouyang’s Stele in the Jiucheng Palace is regarded as a model for practicing regular script.

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