唐朝名将薛仁贵 Famous Tang General Xue Rengui
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薛仁贵，唐 朝名将，绛州龙门（今山西河津）人，名礼，字仁贵，生于公元 613年（隋 大业九年），卒于公元683年（唐永淳二年）。
听读练习Listening and Reading
Famous general Xue Rengui, with given name Li (means “polite”) and style name Rengui (means Kind and noble), was born in Longmen, Jiangzhou County (now Hejin of Shanxi Province) in 613 AD (the 9th year of Daye Period of the Sui Dynasty) and died in 683 AD (the 2nd year of Yongchun Period of the Tang Dynasty).
In the late Zhenguan Period in the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Taizong Li Shimin personally led an expeditionary force to conquer Koguryo. It was found that Commandant Liu Jun'ang was surrounded by local army. After hearing the news, Xue Rengui rode alone to the rescue. He fought bravely, killed the enemy general and tied the general's head on his saddle. The enemy troops all surrendered in fear, and Xue Rengui's name became known in the army for rescuing back Jun’ang.
For the first few years of Emperor Gaozong's reign, Xue Rengui remained as a commandant who guarded Xuanwumen. In the 5th year of Yonghui (654 AD), when Emperor Gaozong was visiting the vacation palace Wannian Palace, there was a mountain torrent on the first night. It rained particularly hard, and a flash flood descended on the North Gate of Wannian Palace. The imperial guards all fled, but Xue did not, and instead climbed up the gate and yelled loudly inside the palace to warn the emperor. Emperor Gaozong quickly got out of his bed and climbed as high as he could, and in a brief time, the water flooded into his bedchambers. The emperor expressed appreciation to Xue for helping him survive the disaster and awarded Xue with a royal horse.
In his later years, Xue was given a variety of roles by Emperor Gaozong, appointed as Guazhou's Military Chief, re-assigned as the Right-Commander in Chief and acting Military Governor of Daizhou to attack Turks in Yunzhou (now Datong of Shanxi) since Turks harried the north border areas of Tang Dynasty. His presence intimidated the Turkic soldiers and he scored a major victory he slew tens of thousands of enemies, captured over 20,000 enemy soldiers as well as 30,000 horses, sheep and cows.
In 683 AD (the 2nd year of Yongchun Period), Xue Rengui died at age 70. As a famous general of the Tang Dynasty, Xue Rengui was brave in fighting and adept at maneuvering through battles. He had established brilliant achievements in war and made great contributions to the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty.
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