首页 > 人物频道 > 历史 > 古代 > 文化慢读:戚继光 Qi Jiguang

文化慢读:戚继光 Qi Jiguang

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年12月03日 09:11 网络孔子学院

字号:

初,一些日本海盗时常骚扰中国沿海地区,威胁沿海人民的生命安全

。当时的人们把这些人叫做“倭寇”。到了明朝中期,倭寇与中国海盗勾结 在一起走私抢掠,杀人放火,无恶不作,对沿海人民的危害 越来越大。朝廷下决心整治海防,命令戚继光平定 倭寇。
At the end of the Yuan Dynasty and in the early years of the Ming Dynasty, Japanese pirates often harassed China's coastal areas, sometimes in collaboration with Chinese pirates. Finally, the Ming court resolved to bolster the coastal defenses, and ordered Qi Jiguang to put an end to the pirate menace.


听读练习Listening and Reading
音频下载 Download

戚继光(公元 1528~1587年),山东蓬莱人,是中国历史 著名 民族

英雄 。公元1556年,年轻 的将领戚继光被派到浙江东部沿海地区抗击倭寇。他到了浙江以后,发现明朝军队纪律不严,战斗力不强,于是决定重新 招募军队,训练 精兵,他很快就召集了一支4千人左右的队伍。戚继光根据沿海地区的特点,精心训练士兵。经过两个月的严格训练,队伍纪律严明,战斗力很强,与敌人作战屡战屡胜,当地的人们亲切 地称他们为“戚家军”。1561年倭寇假装侵犯奉化、宁海,实际想进攻台州。戚继光识破了倭寇的诡计 ,在台州打败了倭寇。戚继光在台州先后九战九捷,消灭了浙东的倭寇。以后,倭寇到哪里,戚继光就打到哪里,打得倭寇落花流水。经过近10年的艰苦作战,到1565年,倭寇基本上被赶出了东南沿海。
Qi Jiguang (1528-1587 AD) was born in Penglai, Shandong Province. In 1556, he was assigned to deal with the problem of Japanese pirates in the coastal areas of Zhejiang Province. Dismayed at the low morale and lack of training of the soldiers he found there, Qi decided to raise and train his own army. Soon, he had a force of about 4,000 crack troops. They were known locally as "Qi's army" and soon distinguished themselves. In 1561, the Japanese pirates pretended to invade Fenghua and Ninghai with the real aim of attacking Taizhou. Qi Jiguang saw through the enemy's trick, and defeated the invaders at Taizhou. After ridding Zhejiang of the pirate scourge, Qi Jiguang fought Japanese pirates wherever they appeared along Chinese coastal areas. After nearly 10 years of hard fighting, he succeeded in driving the Japanese pirates from the coastal areas of southeast China by 1565.

  Next Page for Vocabulary